In recent years, the role of instrumentation in all walks of life in China has become more and more important. Accompanied by the need for digitization, intelligence, and networking of instrumentation, products have become mainstream in the market. In addition, engineering and project integration technology, software development, Application and maintenance services will become new growth points in the industry. The emergence of digital technology has increased the measurement control accuracy, sensitivity, speed, and reliability of analog instrumentation by several orders of magnitude, laying a good foundation for the automation of measurement control.
The development of instrumentation in recent years has been very rapid, and has driven the development of many related industries. Instrumentation products are widely used in various fields such as enterprises, research and production, and are mainly used in the construction and teaching of school laboratories in the field of education. Driven by the strong market demand and guided by the national macro-control policies, China's instrumentation industry has shown a rapid and healthy development trend.
According to the actions of major instrument companies around the world, it is not difficult for us to find that digital, intelligent and networked instrument products will become the mainstream of the market. In addition to the further improvement of products, engineering and project integration technologies, software development, application and maintenance services will become new growth points for the industry.
The emergence of digital technology has increased the measurement control accuracy, sensitivity, speed, and reliability of analog instrumentation by several orders of magnitude, laying a good foundation for the automation of measurement control. With the introduction of computers, the function of the instrument has undergone a qualitative change, from the measurement of individual parameters to the measurement of the characteristic parameters of the entire system, from simple reception and display to control, analysis, processing, calculation and display output, from single use. The measurement by the instrument is converted into measurement by the measurement system.
In the 1990s, the breakthrough in measurement control and instrumentation technology was an improvement in the degree of intelligence in instrumentation; the availability of a large number of DSP chips greatly enhanced the digital signal processing capabilities of instrumentation; the development of micro-machines made the instrumentation more robust. Data processing capabilities and image processing functions; Fieldbus technology is a network communication technology that has been rapidly developed in the 1990s for various field automation devices and their control systems, and Internet and Intranet technologies will also enter the field of control. Modern instrumentation products will be developed in the direction of digitization, networking, intelligence, and integration. Interdisciplinary integrated design and high-precision manufacturing technologies will enable it to acquire higher-speed, more sensitive, reliable, and simpler analysis. , detection, control of the object's full range of information.
A large number of portable, hand-held and even personalized instrumentation have developed With the development of production and improvement of people's living standards, people are increasingly concerned about their own quality of life and health standards, and instruments for measuring the quality of various commodities and foods closely related to peopleâ€™s lives. Instruments, various medical instruments for the prevention and treatment of diseases are an important trend for future development. The on-site and real-time onlineization of scientific instruments, especially the health conditions and disease warning instruments used by families and individuals, will be greatly developed.
The application status of domestic instrumentation technology and the latest development speed is relatively slow. At present, the status quo of China's instrumentation industry is complete, with a certain industry base. It is upstream in developing countries, but there is a clear gap between it and developed countries. Restricted by the conditions of acceptors, mechanisms, economy, and science and technology, management, and talents, enterprises are numerous, scattered, and weak. The capacity for scientific and technological development is not strong. There is a gap in product stability and reliability. Imports are dominant, middle- and low-end products are dominated by Chinese-funded enterprises, and due to the comparative advantages of market size, labor costs, and industry base, some large-scale and wide-range products will become the main force of production and exports.
The domestic instrumentation industry still has problems such as low technical level and weak development capability. The reliability and stability of the product are still outstanding, and the users have a strong reaction. The rate of complete sets of major engineering projects has dropped (from 80% in 8th to 50%); high-end products have been dominated by foreign products, especially large-scale precision instruments. The core control systems and technologies in the complete set of projects are basically dependent on imports, and mid-range products face strong impact. After joining the WTO, the situation is even more severe.
In terms of the overall structure of the industry, the power to specialize in basic, forward-looking, strategic and major special studies on the development of the industry is weak and decentralized. Due to the weak technical foundation of the industry and poor self-development and innovation capabilities, the main products and technologies (including hardware and software) with independent intellectual property rights are few. Most of the core development technologies and high-tech products of important products still originate from abroad. The internationally popular CAD, CAT, CAM, CNC machine tools, machining centers, surface mount and flexible processing technologies have not been widely used in the industry. The specialized and key process technologies suitable for the production characteristics of instrumentation are rarely mastered; the management and industrial characteristics of the production organization, technology, management, and labor and employment systems are not well adapted.
At present, most domestic companies have problems such as heavy burden, high debt management, low self-raising capability, and poor investment and financing channels, which results in a low proportion of overall R&D and transformation investment. Most companiesâ€™ R&D investment accounts for a proportion of sales revenue. To 2%, only a few companies reach 5%, which is detrimental to the company's technological progress.
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